What Is The Draw Weight Of A Bow

What Is Draw Weight in Archery?

What is the draw weight of a bow? This is a question that many people ask themselves when they are deciding how to choose a bow. The first thing you will need to do is figure out how much force your arm can handle, and then find a bow with a draw weight that matches it. In this article we will discuss how to determine what your draw weight should be as well as what the different types of bows


The bow is one of the earliest and most powerful weapons that man has ever used to hunt and fight wars. The bow had many different applications even though it was also one of the slowest methods for killing animals or enemies due to its relatively short range.


Bow draw weights were designed to measure the amount of force needed on the bowstring in order to “shoot” an arrow, with the heavier arrows requiring more power on release than lighter arrows. From very early bow designs, bow draw weights began as low as 20 pounds but increased over time due to technological improvements.


Bow draw weights have been used for centuries to design bows and determine their curving characteristics. For example, a bow with a high bow draw weight meant that it was designed for power, whereas a bow with a low bow draw weight was designed for finesse. Bows with higher bow draw weight also had a longer bow length, meaning that the bow would need to be drawn farther back in order to achieve maximum “shooting” range.

Today, bow measurements are primarily used by bow manufacturers to give consumers an idea of what bow to purchase depending on their capabilities. For instance, a beginner would be advised to get a bow with a low bow draw weight while an experienced bow hunter would be advised to get a bow with a bow draw weight that fits his or her capabilities. 

How To Measure Bow Draw Weight?

Different bow models have different draw weights. Draw weight is measured in pounds. A bow with a higher draw weight means the bow will cause more strain on you when pulling back. We’ll explore the different strategies you can use to figure out bow draw weight.

• Draw your bow and then check the bow’s specification for what is called peak draw weight. If your bow isn’t marked with that information or if you’re unsure what it means, take a look at how many pounds of pressure you felt when you reached full draw.


• Find a bow scale and then string the bow in question by its bowstring. Hang the bow scale from this bowstring and then use a weight or hook to hold up your bow’s riser until it reaches full draw. Read the weight on the bow scale when it’s at full draw and add ten pounds.


• Use bow draw length and bow style to estimate bow draw weight. First, determine your bow’s draw length by measuring from the bow grip to the bowstring at its closest point while it’s unstrung. Then, pick what type of bow you have (recurve, compound, or longbow). Compound bows and longbows typically weigh more than recurves and the poundage of each bow is based on bow style, bow length, and bow draw length. Consult a bow weight chart to find your bow’s estimated draw weight.


• Take advantage of online bow scales. Scales like this one can be found online and they allow you to input specific bow information, bow length or bow draw length, bow type and bow draw weight. Once you have that information plugged in, it will give you an estimated bow weight.


• Consult another hunter for help. If your friend is also bow hunting, ask him if he would be willing to assist with determining bow weight by sharing his bow’s specification data. He may have bow weight information in his bow manual too.

How to Adjust the Draw Weight of a Bow?

There are many different ways to adjust your bow’s draw weight according to what kind of bow you have and what type of bowstring it has. Adjusting your bow’s draw weight can be done either by changing out the limbs and adding weights or by replacing and twisting the bowstring.


For bow string replacements, you want to make sure the bow is unstrung and the bow limbs are relaxed. After this, you can simply rotate the bowstring loops until it reaches your desired draw weight. If adjusting bow limbs, take off all old screws and limbs and put on new ones.

You don’t want to twist bowstring loops to achieve new draw weight, you want to twist bow limbs instead. For bow structures that have a solid bow stem, you can simply remove the bowstring and put a new one on. If your structure is of the takedown bow kind, be careful not to lose any hardware while changing out new bow limbs.


After adjusting bowstring loops, bow limbs, or bow stem hardware you want to get the bow restrung and then go to an archery range for testing purposes. You can test your bow by shooting at a target that is about 10 yards away. Keep adjusting till you’re satisfied with the results of your bow’s performance.

Best Draw Weight Scale

1) Archery Compound & Recurve Bow Draw Weight Scale 

Bow Draw Weight Calcuator

★ NEW BOW POUNDAGE SCALE – 2 kinds of Units Measurement kg/lbs are available and display at the same time. Super heavy duty 110lb/50kg capacity.

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★ PEAK WEIGHT & HOLD WEIGHT – 110lb/50kg digital archery bow scale is equipped with high precision strain gauge sensor system, suitable for recurve bow and compound bow.

ATTENTION: CHOOSE LUGGAGE SCALE OR ARCHERY SCALE AFTER MEASUREMENT UNIT SELECTION. HOLD FOR 3 SECONDS TO SWITCH BETWEEN “PEAK LOCK MODE” AND “HOLD MODE”. WHEN IT SHOWS “C”,MEANS “HOLD MODE” FOR LUGGAGE SCALE; WHEN IT SHOWS “P”,MEANS “PEAK LOCK MODE” FOR ARCHERY SCALE.

CyberDyer Recurve Archery Bow Scale

CyberDyer 110 lbs Digital Bow Scale Recurve Archery Bow Scale Bow Poundage Scale

★ CYBERDYER DIGITAL SCALE – Unit Seletion: Press the ” ON/ OFF” key for 1 second, the unit could be seleted among g/oz/kg/lbs, etc. Tap the ” ON/ OFF” button to cycle through the 4 options. Super heavy duty 110lb/50kg capacity.

★ ★ ATTENTION: CyberDyer 110 LBS ARCHERY SCALE IS WITH THE PEAK LOCK FUNCTION, USED AS A COMPOUND BOW SCALE. BUT WHEN IT USE AS A LUGGAGE SCALE, THERE WILL BE 0.1-0.5lbs ERRORS IN THE RESULTS.

★ FEATURE – 110lb/50kg digital bow scale hang scale, equipped with high precision strain gauge sensor system, professional accuracy zero (tare) feature. Suitable for recurve bow and compound bow.

ATTENTION: CHOOSE LUGGAGE SCALE OR ARCHERY SCALE AFTER MEASUREMENT UNIT SELECTION. PRESS AND HOLD THE BUTTON FOR 3 SECs,WHEN IT SHOWS “C”,MEANS “HOLD MODE” FOR LUGGAGE SCALE; WHEN IT SHOWS “P”,MEANS “PEAK LOCK MODE” FOR ARCHERY SCALE. PLS REFER TO THE 4TH PICTURE. ANY QUESTION,PLS CONTACT US ANY TIME.

Why is the Draw Weight of a Bow Important?

1. It determines what type of bow one can use.

-Some hunters bow hunt for large games such as elk and buffalo, so bow draw weight must be high enough to deliver enough energy to kill the animal.


-Smaller framed shooters may choose lower draw weights because they tire out faster than their larger counterparts.

a. Recurve bow – usually has lower draw weight because bow limbs are very long. This means that longer arms are needed for this bow style.


b. Compound bow – usually has higher draw weight because compound bow comes with mechanisms such as cams, cables, and bowstring pulleys to help bow archers bend bow limbs back. This means the bow is usually not as strong as a recurve bow with the same draw weight.


c. Longbow – usually has lower draw weight because bow length is long and bow limbs do not have to be bent much to create a full draw arc. 


d. Short bow – usually has a higher draw weight because bow length is short and bow limbs have to bend a lot to create a full draw arc. 


e. Crossbow – usually has lower draw weight because bow limb is basically a bow and bowstring attached to a stock. 

1. They determine the bow’s penetrating power as well as shooting speed.

A bow with a higher bow draw weight will have greater penetrating power, so more energy is transferred to the arrow upon release. A bow with a high bow draw weight can also shoot an arrow faster because it takes less time to pull the string back to full draw. In contrast, a bow with a low bow draw weight will have less penetrating power and shoot an arrow at a slower speed.

What is My Ideal Bow Draw Weight?

Draw weight is a bow’s power and strength. The bow’s draw weight depends on not only the bow itself, but also factors such as age, sex, body type and physical condition.

Age

A bow with a low draw weight will be easier for younger people to use than an adult bow, which will have a higher draw weight.

a. Children: 

Typically, children under the age of 12 do not need an adult bow setup. Instead, they require something lightweight and easy to use with a low bow weight which will make it easier for them to pull the bowstring back.


b. Age 10+: 

Children at the age of 10 can upgrade to a full-size bow set up with a bow draw weight of 15-20lbs. This is still very light and will ensure that aiming and pulling the bow back becomes easier as they grow up.


c. Teens: 

Teenagers from 14 years old should be equipped with a bow draw weight of 20-25lbs. This will ensure that they are able to practice preparing for the bow, and the bow itself is not too heavy which may impede their ability to shoot accurately.

d. Adults:

Adult women require bow setups between 25-40lbs, men require bows with bow weights at 40-55lbs.

Sex

A bow with a greater draw weight is usually more difficult to use for women than men due to their smaller muscle mass. Men typically have much greater upper body strength than women, so the bow they use must be able to match their strength. 

Body Type and Physical Condition

A bow with a high bow draw weight will be difficult for anyone to pull back, but if the bow is not matched with the user’s body type and physical condition, it could lead to potential injury. In general, archers should choose a bow that is no more than 10 pounds heavier than their own bow draw weight.

Crossbow Draw Weight For Deer

Crossbows are used to hunt deer. They are different from bows because they can be drawn and released quickly. The draw weight of crossbows is measured in pounds and it is the force required to pull back the string and fire an arrow or bolt. The draw weight of a crossbow is generally between 100-300 pounds but there are some that can go up to 500 pounds as well (the most powerful ones).

Longbow Draw Weight

The draw weight of a longbow is the amount of force it takes to pull back its string to its maximum length. The greater the draw weight, the more energy it takes to pull back the string and shoot an arrow.

The draw weight of a longbow varies greatly between individual bows and typically ranges from 15 to 60 pounds. , or about the same as a traditional bow that is braced with a single cedar.

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